ERIC Number: ED130163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Education Research and Development as a Factor Influencing Teachers to Change Practices.
Kievit, Mary Bach
With particular attention to vocational research and development, this study reviewed the literature to obtain information on the factors or influences causing teachers to change practices. Research and development in vocational education was treated as an independent variable in an experimental research design with moderating variables of product characteristics, dissemination efforts, teacher education, work context, and teacher characteristics. The sources of information included a number of reviews of research, research monographs, and expert opinion statements. Very limited empirically derived evidence was found regarding the extent to which vocational research and development has influenced teachers to change practices. Speculation based on informed opinion concluded that: (l) The influence of curriculum development and distribution on teacher practice is relatively insignificant; (2) use of dissemination through institutes, workshops, and conferences is inadequate as an influence on teacher practice; (3) teacher education as a mode of dissemination is of negligible influence; and (4) teacher educators as disseminators of research and development are limited in influencing teachers to change practices. Possible explanations for the low return in terms of actual change of teacher practice are offered pertaining to organizational factors and to systems for analyzing the characteristics of educational innovations. (NJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Note: For related papers see CE 009 020-026, CE 009 028-034, and ED 112 155