ERIC Number: ED130161
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Guidance and Counseling, Vocational Education, Research and Development.
Herr, Edwin L.
This paper examines the relationships among guidance and counseling, vocational education, and research and development historically, currently, and in terms of future possibilities. The evolution of change is traced from the beginnings of the century (when guidance and counseling, then vocational guidance, was joined with vocational education in responding to the social and manpower needs of the day) to the present situation in which vocational educators and guidance and counseling personnel differ on the emphasis of occupational preparation and manpower responsibilities versus the broadly conceived concept of personal competence in self-awareness and decision-making. Suggestions are offered for ways to narrow the gap between vocational guidance and vocational education by broadening the view of guidance to include a concern for decision-making, self-concept, life styles, values, and leisure. Some of the significant research and development efforts of the last decade are discussed including career development theory, computer-based systems, specification of goals and objectives, measurement of career development, and exemplary projects and programs funded under Part D of the Vocational Education Amendments. Finally, an inventory of future research and development needs outlines some problem areas and suggests research directions for vocational guidance. (NJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Note: For related papers see CE 009 020-026, CE 009 028-035, and ED 112 155