ERIC Number: ED130013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Contingency Approaches to Leadership: A Review and Synthesis. Interim Report for Preiod 1 September 1974-1 June 1975.
Hendrix, William H.
This report focuses on the problem of how to improve leadership effectiveness in order to improve overall organization effectiveness. First, three different approaches to leadership behavior are presented: Trait Approach, Behavioral Approach, and Situational Approach. Next, reviews of the leadership literature and of eight contingency models of leadership are presented. Finally, the three-component Leadership Effectiveness Model, developed on the basis of the eight models and the literature review, is described and critiqued. The Model considers leadership effectiveness to be a function of the criterion selected, the leadership style employed, and the situational environment(s), which includes the leader's subordinates, peers, and other personnel in the environment. The basis for selecting these three components was that they were found to be common across most of the leadership literature reviewed, and at the same time they provide a useful descriptive framework for depicting leadership as a decision-making process. It is concluded that leadership can best be depicted as a decision-making process which involves the leader, the followers, the situation, and the criterion of effectiveness. (TA)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX.
Authoring Institution: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX. Occupational and Manpower Research Div.