ERIC Number: ED129826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Oct
Reference Count: 0
A Metaethical Analysis of "Work" and "Play" as Related to North American Sport.
Zeigler, Earle F.
The main consideration involves several subproblems. (1) The fundamental terms (work, play, freedom, constraint, amateur, professional, sport, athletics) are generally used in a sharply dichotomized way. However, they can, and perhaps should, be understood as part of a definitional continuum. (2) The status of sport and athleitcs in education is faced with the problem of so-called amateur, semiprofessional, and professional sport--defined in terms of money rather than, as it should be, as a logical progression of proficiency. (3) This problem of status is related to society as a whole. The concept of work is exalted and play is viewed as frivolous refreshment from worthwhile toil. Thus it is not difficult to understand how the dichotomy of work - play has arisen. (4) Our language downgrades that which we seek in the "good life" --work is viewed as superior to play, whereas actually they are equal and overlapping. Modifying our concepts of work, play, amateur, and professional would probably have a positive influence on the pattern of North American sport and athletics. A final conclusion is justifiable: the concepts of work and play should be modified so that a continuum is recognized between them and the concept of "art" is established as a middle ground. So also with the terms, amateur, professional, and semiprofessional. Identifying the language ailment will help with treatment and cure. A bibliography of 45 documents for further reading is included. (MB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Philosophic Society for the Study of Sport (6th, Hartford, Connecticut, October 21-23, 1976)