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ERIC Number: ED129633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Sex-Related Differences in Mathematics Learning: Myths, Realities and Related Factors.
Fennema, Elizabeth; Sherman, Julia
Research concerned with differences in mathematical achievement of males and females is discussed in this document. Variables hypothesized to be related to achievement of women in general and to mathematics learning and studying in particular are considered: verbal ability; spatial visualization ability; confidence in learning mathematics; mathematics as a male domain; attitude toward success in mathematics; perceived attitudes of mother, father, and teachers toward one as a learner of mathematics; usefulness of mathematics; and effectance motivation in mathematics. Four conclusions are drawn: (1) sex-related differences in mathematics achievement are not universal, (2) many fewer females than males study mathematics in eleventh and twelfth grades, (3) the relationship between cognitive factors and differential learning learning of mathematics by the sexes is unclear, and (4) differential mathematics studying and mathematics achievement by the sexes is at least partially caused by socio-cultural factors mediated through sex-role expectations. (DT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Boston, Massachusetts, February 22-23, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document