ERIC Number: ED129607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Development of Scientific Careers: The High School Years. Final Report.
Gilmartin, Kevin J.; And Others
This document investigates the processes which influence a high school student's move toward or away from a career in science. Utilizing a Scientific Potential Index, 1,200 scientists and 22,500 non-scientists who were in high school in 1960, and 1,142 current high school students were interviewed concerning career plans and related matters. Findings included: (1) career plans are strongly related to parents' level of education; (2) the largest determinant of successful achievement of career plans in science is math ability; (3) the number of females planning science careers has tripled since 1960; (4) underrepresentation of women in science is mediated by factors not related to ability; (5) the measured mean Scientific Potential and the science career plans among blacks and Spanish surname students are far lower than those of whites and Orientals; and (6) socioeconomic family status related positively to Scientific Potential but appeared to be entirely mediated through abilities that had developed by the eleventh grade. (SL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
Note: Contains numerous small print in Tables and Appendices