ERIC Number: ED129599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
A Comparative Study of Abstract Learning in Mentally Retarded and Normal Subjects.
Lowell, Walter E.
This presentation reports results of an investigation of the role of abstract thinking in human learning. Involved were 37 mentally retarded subjects, 62 normal subjects with equivalent chronological ages, and 50 normal subjects with chronological ages equivalent to the mean mental age of the mentally retarded group. Each subject was taught a six level order of classification with an increasing degree of difficulty and abstraction. At each level, the subject was presented with two concrete examples, then asked to select two others from a choice of six. The mentally retarded subjects performed significantly below their mental age and chronological age equivalents. The analysis indicated a strong dependence upon concrete cues and an incapacity of organizing information into conceptual hierarchical arrays by mentally retarded children. (SL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (49th, San Francisco, California, April 23-25, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document