ERIC Number: ED129071
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages in the United States, 1975: A Dipstick Paper. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 39.
Paulston, Christina B.
This report, prepared for the September 1975 UNESCO Meeting of Experts on the Diversification of Methods and Techniques for Teaching a Second Language, examines major achievements and recent trends of second language teaching in the United States. English is learned as a second language for several purposes - as a cultural acquisition, for specific functional purposes, for interpersonal purposes, or in bilingual education. Teaching methods must consider the particular needs of the learner. The major recent developments in ESL have been in bilingual education. Research on ESL in adult education is increasing. Some major academic contributions to the teaching of Standard English as a Second Dialect to American Blacks are noted. Several trends are discussed: (1) Linguistics and language teaching: transformational generative grammar as an influence has been superseded by sociolinguistics. (2) Psychology and language teaching: the emphasis is on the reasons for learning and the meaningful use of language. (3) Language teaching pedagogy: cognitive code, with its emphasis on meaningful learning and careful analysis of linguistic structures, is recognized as the new trend. (4) Teacher training: certification in bilingual education/ESL is moving from linguistics departments to departments of education. (CHK)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Applied Linguistics, Bilingual Education, Educational Trends, English (Second Language), Language Instruction, Psycholinguistics, Second Language Learning, State of the Art Reviews, Teacher Education, Teaching Methods, TENL
TESOL, 455 Nevils Building, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. 20057 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.; Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.