ERIC Number: ED128747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
Influence of Lawyers, Legal Language and Legal Thinking.
Sharf, James C.
The tensions that exist between the roles of the psychologist as a behavioral scientist and the lawyer as an advocate are examined in the context of Title VII litigation which brings these two professions into conflict in court. The Ethical Standards of Psychologists are contrasted with comparable but contradictory sections from the American Bar Association Code of Professional Responsibility. It is shown that while the behavioral scientist has been schooled in an environment where the preference is for cooperation, collaboration and committee work, the advocate is quite comfortable in an adversarial situation where conflicting viewpoints are sought as a basis for decision making. While the psychologist is deductive in his reasoning seeking to gain knowledge and explanations derived from broad generalizations, the advocate is inductive in his thinking about a particular factual situation. The implications of these conflicts are examined as they influence the roles assumed by the scientist and advocate in court. The legal language and legal procedure of a Title VII case are described and the implications of having case law define the future direction for the practicing industrial/organizational psychologist are briefly discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30 to September 2, 1975)