ERIC Number: ED128728
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Parent-Child Relationships on the Development of Moral Character.
Hower, John T.; Edwards, Keith J.
This study investigates the parent-child relationship antecedents of a multidimensional model of moral character among late adolescents. The model posits that the configuration of five character dimensions explains the moral behavior displayed by an individual. The dimensions are moral knowledge, socialization, empathy, autonomy and ethical attitudes. Two parent-child dimensions relating to moral development are parental acceptance and parental control. The study hypothesizes that parental acceptance and moderately high control are positively related to character dimensions. The subjects are college students, and the study utilizes self-report and retrospective ratings of parent behavior. Significant correlations were found between the parent-child variables and two dimensions of moral character--socialization and empathy. Although, in general, the results are consistent with current trends, the findings regarding parental control are somewhat divergent. In the studied sample, the more permissive parental transactions with high acceptance and low control seem the most facilitative of moral character development. This is explained developmentally. (NG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)