ERIC Number: ED128695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Psychosocial Dimensions of Sex Differences in the Academic Competence of Adolescents.
Bender, David S.
A 120-item questionnaire measuring sex-role behavior and attitudes, educational expectations, self-assessment, grades, etc. was administered to 3000 students in the 7th through 12th grades in three school districts. "Academic competence" was defined as the discrepancy between actual and predicted grade averages based on the correlation of scholastic aptitude and grades in the sample. Girls were found to be superior to boys in average academic competence at every grade level. Grade averages declined for both sexes between the 7th and 12th grades. Girls were also higher in average academic competency in each of six social class levels. No sex differences were apparent in the accuracy of self-assessment of schoolwork or in post-high school educational plans, even after an analysis by age groups. Students exhibited traditional sex-role stereotypes and girls reported engaging in more non-assertive behavior than boys. The study found no support for the conventional wisdom regarding the development of sex differences in the achievement patterns of adolescents. Interesting patterns did arise, however, in the relationship of sex-role related characteristics with these variables of achievement orientation. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)