ERIC Number: ED128537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Nonstandard English to Improve Communications in Mathematics.
Gussett, James C.
In order to test whether ghetto children would respond to a set of instructional materials that incorporate the language, the customs, and the general background of the disadvantaged student, a six week long course of study for seventh-grade general mathematics is developed. This course of study is then used in an experiment that employs nonstandard English to improve communications in mathematics. Subjects are members of two seventh grade general mathematics classes. Sixty-two students participated in the study -- 35 females and 27 males. Control and experimental groups are statistically the same for intelligence quotient scores, reading scores, and pretest scores on a standardized mathematics achievement test. The experimental group uses the 30 mathematics lessons developed for the study, while the control group uses a mathematics textbook. Both the experimental and the control group receive the Metropolitan Achievement Test -- Advanced Arithmetic as the posttest. After the posttest has been administered, the mean gain score for the experimental group is found to be 2.20 higher than the mean gain score of the control group. One of the major conclusions made from an analysis of the data is that a set of general mathematics problems designed specifically for the disadvantaged student can be written in nonstandard English if suitable precautions are taken. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Black Dialects, Blacks, Classroom Communication, Communication Problems, Communication Skills, Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Instructional Materials, Language Role, Language Styles, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Materials, Minority Group Children, Nonstandard Dialects, Social Background, Speech Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A