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ERIC Number: ED128470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Program Evaluating vs. Program Improvement and Some Implications for Training Evaluators.
Steinmetz, Andres
To evaluate a specific program means to compare it against a standard that specifies what the program should be like at a specific time. Standards may be constructed in three ways: surface standards force the definition into a model shaped by scientific procedure; deep standards include information on the inputs, processes, and outputs for each component and subcomponent; and profound standards reach deeper into the organization than its task structure and exhaustively covers all dimensions of organizational functioning, and are set by the program staff. In this situation then, the role of the evaluator includes expressing and explicating the standards set by the program staff, and confronting management with the decisions they must make. The evaluator must also look at the broader environment of the educational organization, i.e., the sociotechnical systems of which schools are a part. This broader perspective implies that the ability to build models, and the ability to be able to gather data relative to a large variety, of different phenomena, and to report this data using print, verbal, nonverbal, visual and auditory media be included as part of an evaluator's training. (Author/BW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (60th, San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)