ERIC Number: ED128228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Students' Achievement in Arithemtic with Their Algorithmic Confidence. Mathematics Education Diagnostic and Instructional Centre (MEDIC) Report No. 2-75.
MacKay, Irene Douglas
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a student's confidence in his computational procedures for each of the four basic arithmetic operations and the student's achievement on computation problems. All of the students in grades 5 through 8 in one school system (a total of 6186 students) were given a questionnaire to determine their algorithmic confidence and a computational test for each of the four basic arithmetic operations on whole numbers. Addition and multiplication tables accompanied the test. Data on 5440 responses were used in the analyses. "Low achievers" on a particular computation test were defined as those students scoring more than one standard deviation below the mean of that test. There were a total of 267 low achievers on the addition test, 734 on the subtraction test, 735 on the multiplication test, and 985 on the division test. Of these low achievers, 226 expressed high algorithmic confidence in addition, 576 in subtraction, 513 in multiplication and 440 in division. The investigator concluded that for each arithmetic operation there were a substantial number of low achievers who expressed high algorithmic confidence. (DT)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement, Algorithms, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Low Achievement, Mathematics Education, Research, Student Characteristics, Whole Numbers
Mathematics Education Diagnostic and Instructional Centre (MEDIC), Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia, 2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1W5, Canada
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. Faculty of Education.
Note: Report from the Richmond Project (ORACLE); For related documents, see SE 021 337-338; Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document