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ERIC Number: ED128132
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug-8
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Dilemmas of Modernizing Peasant Agriculture in Nigeria.
Alao, Joseph A.
In 1965, the Nigerian government charged Nigerian agriculture with the long term developmental task of providing: (1) an adequate and well balanced food supply for the increasing population; (2) agricultural raw materials for domestic industries; (3) agricultural export earnings; (4) employment for the increasing labor force; and (5) capital for economic development. In order to accomplish these goals, Nigerian agriculture is going to have to engage in a comprehensive modernization effort that takes into account the institutional, technical, social, economic, and educational factors currently impeding change. Among these factors are: a communal land tenure system that deters land sales and new ownership, population mobility, investment of improvement capital, and agricultural innovation; a population drain from the rural areas caused by urban migration, farm drudgery, low farm profits, and the poor status rating of farm occupations (the average age of Nigerian farmers is 45, as the youth are seeking other occupations); an extension service that lacks qualified personnel, (one agent to 10,000 families), problem specific research, and peasant oriented personnel; a poorly structured credit system which lacks accessability, sufficient operating capital, professional management, etc.; and a social system that discourages the influence of "strangers". (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria