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ERIC Number: ED128124
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Youth--An Opportunity or a Burden?
Kozakiewicz, Mikolaj
When evaluating the potential of a developing nation's rural youth, a distinction must be made between youth living in the countryside and those of rural origin migrating to the cities. Moreover, consideration must be given to the effect of: geographical mobility upon national development requirements; rural vertical mobility upon the modernization and democratization of the social structure; and the rural mentality and skill level upon the larger society. In the development of a country there is an initial extensive period followed by an intensive period, the former requiring manpower and the latter requiring skills. In Poland, there is currently a higher than average number of rural migrants working in the building materials industry (16.6%), the wood industry (18.2%), and public roads (32.6%). In 1970, among these rural to urban migrants, 14.4% were manual laborers, 8.7% intellectual workers, and 5.5% handicraft laborers. These figures indicate that upgraded schools are needed in the rural areas to accommodate the sophisticated skills demanded by technological development in the cities. While studies have indicated attitudinal differences between rural and urban youth, these differences are not nearly so important as the educational differences manifest in knowledge and skill differentials, for these differences impact upon the total qualitative development of Poland's economy. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland