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ERIC Number: ED128123
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Social Obstacles Towards Success of Pupils in Polish Primary Schools.
Nakielska, Zofia
In 1973, the Polish Minister of Education ordered objective competitions at the primary school level in the fields of Polish studies, Russian language, and math. In order to determine whether such subject competitions were justified and if they contributed equally to the development of interests and abilities among the rural and urban and culturally deprived and privileged students, all provincial competitions in Polish studies and math from the graduate classes of the 1976 primary schools were evaluated via inquiries collected from 5,500 participants and 80 competition organizers. Data from 30 math and 20 Polish studies competitions were analyzed. Results indicated: provinces differed in the degree of competition participation; given their proportion of the total population, rural youth were under-represented by more than two to one; among the rural students, the peasants participated the least, not competing at all in the southwest provinces; none of the 50 competitions was won by a peasant child. It was concluded that the competitions constituted a viable motivational method aimed at self-perfection which provided opportunity for self-assessment in terms of knowledge and competitiveness, particularly among the rural students, but it was suggested that the educational authorities attempt to equalize the rural/urban educational opportunities. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland