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ERIC Number: ED128121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparative Study of Rural Youth in the National Regions of the USSR: General and Specific Features.
Arutyunyan, Y. V.
Since there is no private property in the Soviet Union, social status is largely determined by education. Consequently, the educational levels of rural youth in all the Union Republics are nearly identical, while among the older generations of rural inhabitants there are still definite differences. In Estonia, for example, the educational level of the senior rural inhabitant is twice as high as it is in Uzbekistan, while among the rural youth of these two Union Republics, the educational level is virtually equal. Differences in the educational levels of men and women are also disappearing. Higher educational standards are related to changes in the occupational structure of the nation as exemplified by the fact that among Uzbeks aged 50-59, not more than one-tenth are employed in skilled jobs while among Russians and Estonians, the percentage is one-third and one-half respectively. Yet the majority of the rural youth in each nation is employed in skilled jobs. Young people of various nationalities have almost identical concepts of the "good life", citing the family, interesting jobs, and material well-being as primary prerequisites. The Russian language is becoming the common language of all nations, but the main language of each nationality is also preserved to assure specific national expression. National specificity is particularly manifest in the authority of the family, and surveys indicate 80% of the young Uzbeks condemn divorce and resist urban migration. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR