ERIC Number: ED128067
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Adult Constraint and Peer Influence on the Development of Racial Awareness-Attitudes of Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.
Scanlan, Peter A.; Dokecki, Paul R.
This paper reports a research design guided by the hypothesis that adult constraint and peer cooperation exert conflicting forces on the development of racial awareness attitudes of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds. Subjects were 60 preschoolers from Tennessee, with an equal number of white and black children at each age. Methodology used was a modified form of Porter's (1971) TV-Story Game. The method involved a doll-play interview during which the child, by doll choices, responded to structured questions set within a story-narrative. Opportunities were also made for the child to verbalize spontaneously to open-ended questions. Dependent variables were: racial awareness, racial attitude, and racial self-identification. Independent variables were: race, age, sex, social class, skin color shade, contact with children from a different race, region of the country, race of interviewer, presence or absence of social norms, and adult constraint vs peer influence. The rationale for the inclusion of peer influence and adult constraint was derived in part from Piaget's (1965) theory and investigation of the child's moral development. Each dependent and independent variable considered in this study is examined in view of past empirical findings. (JH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Coordination Center for Early Childhood Education, St. Ann, MO.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education.