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ERIC Number: ED127785
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Memory During Oral and Silent Reading.
Perfetti, Charles A.; And Others
Following reading and listening tasks, adult long-term memory is high in semantic information and low in syntactic and lexical information. Comprehension during reading and listening must depend to some extent, however, on short term retention of linguistic information that is less abstract and shares more features of the input than the semantic products of comprehension observed in long-term memory. This paper describes a study focussing on short-term memory for discourse, with three basic issues: (1) the role of linguistically marked units in recallability of words just read, (2) information organization schemes as opposed to short-term memory handling of information, and (3) oral vs. silent reading. Thirty-two third and fourth graders from an urban parochial school in a white working class neighborhood were divided into two different skill levels determined by scores from the Metropolitan Achievement Test. Both simple and difficult reading tasks were given. The overall results support a model of reading comprehension skill emphasizing short-term memory quantitative differences in memory function during reading. The fact that differences were found between the groups in listening, silent reading and oral reading but not in probe digit performance suggests that differences in language memory functions are not wholly dependent on decoding or simple short-term memory capacity. (CLK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A