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ERIC Number: ED127524
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Attributional Biases: More Barriers to Women's Achievement.
Falbo, Toni; And Others
This paper presents three studies dealing with the use of attribution theory in the study of sex differences in achievement. These sex differences are measured in terms of task difficulty, ability, effort, and luck according to the model developed by Weiner, et al (1971). The studies attempt to expand the Weiner model to demonstrate that males and females differ in their attributions about the successful or unsuccessful outcomes of others, and that these sex differences in attribution encourage male achievement and discourage female achievement. The first study indicates that females explain successful outcomes in terms of internal, stable causes while males explain unsuccessful outcomes in terms of unstable, acquired causes. By scaling the reasons given for successful and unsuccessful outcomes, the second study indicates that females emphasize interpersonal conflict reasons more than males in assigning similarity ratings to the causes for unsuccessful outcomes. By measuring attributions with the four Weiner et al (1971) causal elements, the third study indicates that females use luck more often than males as a reason for success and that males, not females, understand the causal connection between effort and task difficulty. This paper interprets the results as an indication that attributional biases of females in explaining the outcomes of others are less conducive to achievement than the biases of males. (HLM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (47th, New York, N.Y., April 22-24, 1976) ; Best copy available