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ERIC Number: ED127327
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of the Effects of Two Physical Education Programs on the Physiological Development of Adolescent Boys and Girls.
Thompson, Patricia; And Others
The primary purpose of this study was to determine if a specific daily indoor exercise program of a short duration improved the aerobic fitness level of junior high school students between the ages of 12 and 14. A secondary purpose was to compare the performance of participating students with Canadian norms for working capacity and fitness. Also preliminary estimates were made of normal values of cardiovascular respiratory fitness for adolescent boys and girls. It was hypothesized that both boys and girls in the experimental program would show (1) greater gains on the measures of aerobic fitness, i.e., physical work capacity and maximal oxygen uptake, than those in the control program; (2) that there would be no difference between students in the experimental and control programs in terms of nonaerobic measures of strength, speed, and percent of body fat; and (3) that there would be no difference between pretest scores and norms established by the Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. The study concluded that (1) the aerobic fitness of boys in the experimental school improved, those in the control school did not; (2) this pattern was also evident for girls but not as clearly; (3) both boys and girls in the experimental school significantly improved from pretest to posttest, while control students declined; (4) on the 600-yard run gains were not significant; and (5) six minutes of continuous exercise, or three minutes of exercise followed by three minutes of rest followed by three more minutes of exercise, resulted in increased aerobic power. Contrary to the hypothesis were significant differences between students in the control and experimental programs in terms of nonaerobic measures. These differences varied with age and did not show any consistent trends. (DMT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: North York Board of Education, Willowdale (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada