PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED127319
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Study Skills and Learning.
Marton, Ference; Svensson, Lennart
Information on Research and Development in Post-secondary Education, ISSN 0346-6175 Jan 1976
The series of research studies contained in this project emphasize the central position of the learning process in research into teaching. The main studies under the project were based on four sets of material collected in the course of three academic years. A number of supplementary collections and processings of other material were also undertaken. The first set of material was connected with thirty students of education who took part in a learning experiment and whose studies were followed for one term. Similar observations were made of twenty-nine social science students for a complete academic year. These students also took part in two learning experiments, and their data provided the second set of material. During the third year, two experimental studies were made of more wide-ranging attempts to influence the learning process. These two sets of material were collected outside the students' normal studies. Three specific questions are answered by the following results: (1) Qualitative differences of knowledge can be observed and described and are seen as the decisive differences in the understanding and retention of learning material. (2) Study skill, interpreted as the combination of an activity in relation to a situation and the outcome of that activity in the form of knowledge, can be observed and described. (3) The best way of influencing study skill is by influencing the cognitive attitude during the learning process. (JMF)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, College Students, Concept Formation, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Knowledge Level, Learning Processes, Study Skills, Teaching Methods
Office of the Chancellor of the Swedish Universities, Department of Educational Research and Development, P.O. Box 16334, S-10326 Stockholm 16, Sweden
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of the Chancellor of the Swedish Universities, Stockholm.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden