ERIC Number: ED127234
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Report of the Elementary School Textbooks Task Force.
Jeffrey, Jan; Craft, Barb
This report on sex discrimination in the Kalamazoo Public Schools describes the findings from a study of materials used during the 1971-72 school year. Conducted by a task force on elementary school textbooks, the study evaluated 172 texts, 65 supplements, and 24 study-print sets for sex stereotyping and sexism. Sex roles depicted for both children and adults were examined. It was found that materials not only reinforce sexism but also limit girls' aspirations and lower their self-esteem. Boy-centered stories outnumber girl-centered stories by five to one, and illustrations and content material with males outnumber those with females by more than three to one. The adults described in textbooks are as sex-stereotyped as the children. Adult males are portrayed in almost every conceivable occupation while adult females are seen working only at traditional female jobs, and it is assumed that girls will follow the tradition. In general, women are shown to be dependent, incompetent, passive, and lacking ingenuity. Also, real-life situations are distorted or not described. It was concluded that all of the texts reviewed are sexist. Teachers are advised to adopt teaching methods that combat the sexism found in materials. The evaluation forms and findings of the study are provided as appendices. (ND)
Descriptors: Aspiration, Child Role, Elementary Education, Females, Illustrations, Males, Nondiscriminatory Education, Occupations, Parent Role, Role Perception, Self Esteem, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation, Textbook Standards, Textbooks
Instructional Media Department, Kalamazoo Public Schools, 1220 Howard Street, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008 ($1.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kalamazoo Public Schools, MI.
Note: For related documents, see SO 009 336-338