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ERIC Number: ED127108
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug-26
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Policy Relevant Theory of Entrepreneurship.
Self, George D.
Combining the approaches of McClelland-Hagan and Schumpeter, the interactive effects of entrepreneurial potential and social climate on growth were examined. Entrepreneurial potential was designated as degree of internality as measured by Rotter's I-E aggregate index of 23 items. Social climate was designated degree of community information flow as measured by eight "fluidity" factors, and growth was measured by the Guttman differentiation scales of industrial and commercial complexity and community income multipliers. Data derived from 12 rural communities in Kent County, New Brunswick with various levels of development in 1972 were examined via 3 statistical techniques (Fisher's exact probability, Kruskal-Wallis' one way analysis, and Spearman's rho). Results indicated a high positive relationship (.74) between the I-E fluidity structure and growth; wherein, the I-E fluidity social structure explained 54% of the variance in a community's growth. It was concluded that the model's intrinsic value was in its adaptability for social planners, since both fluidity and Rotter's locus of control could be policy manipulated for programs in community development (fluidity could be increased by planning programs that facilitated information exchange and entrepreneurial attitudes could be improved by increasing an individual's confidence in controlling/understanding his environment). (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada