ERIC Number: ED127088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Demographic Change Among the Hopi and Navajo Indians. Lake Powell Research Project Bulletin Number 2, October 1973.
Kunitz, Stephen J.
Concerned with historical patterns and with comparisons from one area to another, this report traced the growth of the Navajo and Hopi populations over the past 100 years (1870-1970). Data on fertility, mortality, and migration were obtained from the: Indian Health Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Public Health Service Office of Vital Statistics, and 1950-1970 censuses. Information on migration was based on inferences from birth and death rates. It was found that the Navajo population had increased more rapidly than the Hopi population. It was suggested that epidemic disease among the Hopis until the 1930's accounted for the discrepant rates. Since the 1930's, the Hopi birth rate had declined to figures approaching the national rate, whereas the Navajo rate had declined much more slowly. In addition, it was shown that the age-specific birth rate curves of the two tribes differed significantly, with Hopis terminating their childbearing at an earlier age. It was concluded that the Hopis had experienced accelerated demographic transition over the period of perhaps a generation, so that they had moved from a situation of high birth and death rates to one of low birth and death rates. The Navajos, on the other hand, were experiencing a more prolonged transition, with birth rates remaining high while death rates (especially among infants) dropped rapidly. (Author/NQ)
Descriptors: Age, American Indian Reservations, Birth Rate, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Death, Demography, Infant Mortality, Migration, Population Growth, Population Trends, Statistical Data
Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 ($1.50) payable to the Regents of the University of California
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. RANN Program.