ERIC Number: ED127085
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jan-17
Reference Count: N/A
Background Paper on American Indian Exceptional Children.
Ramirez, Bruce A.
The diversity of the American Indian population coupled with the variety of government units serving the Indian makes it difficult to determine how many Indian children need special education, but available information suggests the need is great. A 1972 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) survey estimated that 39% of the Indian school age population need special education services. While inclusion of the handicapped child in the public education system is mandated, there remain special problems associated with educating the exceptional Indian child. Foremost among these problems are lack of: specifications for a BIA budget line item; mandatory legislation relative to special education for Indian children; Indian special education personnel; coordination between the states, the BIA, and the tribes; funding for Indian children in contract schools; and proper evaluation procedures relative to Indian special education classifications. Consequently, the Council for Exceptional Children has recommended that the National Advisory Council on Indian Education (NACIE) propose: priority consideration of special education for Indians by Federal agencies; a coordinated plan for Indian special education developed by NACIE; a BIA budget line item; mandatory legislation re: Indians; a special education emphasis by the American Indian Policy Review Commission; NACIE-BIA coordination in a special education staff training program. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.