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ERIC Number: ED127018
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Interaction of Stimulus Orientation and Age.
Meyer, William J.; Dwyer, Michael
This study examined age differences in children's visual fixation and search strategies of two dimensional visual stimuli. The hypotheses tested were: (1) that no age differences exist in general search strategies regardless of stimuli position, (2) that age differences could be expected with respect to the number and duration of visual fixations, and (3) that older children, because they presumably have more experience with the properties of two-dimensional representations, will evidence fewer fixations and shorter fixation duration. Subjects were 18 middle class children, nine in the young group (mean age 3 years 7 months) and nine in the old group (mean age 4 years 10 months). Stimuli were a triangle and a keyhole shape. The corneal reflection and the stimulus were simultaneously recorded on film. The stimuli were presented twice to each child in each orientation (focal point up and focal point down), with order of stimuli randomly determined. Data were recorded and translated into a computer program, and two components of the data were examined: fixation densities and duration of fixations. In general, these analyses seem to suggest that older children make somewhat more fixations on the focal point and discriminative features of the stimuli and that they, like the younger children, find the focal point more compelling when it appears at the bottom. The study is discussed in relation to similar experiments conducted by Ghent-Braine and others. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A