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ERIC Number: ED126709
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo Zinacantan. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, No. 19.
Laughlin, Robert M.
This dictionary of Tzotzil (Mayan) vocabulary from the town of Zinacantan, Chiapas, Mexico, was compiled over a period of fourteen years. In addition to unsystematic data gathering in Zinacantan, formal interviews were conducted in San Cristobal. Two Zinacantec men came to the United States for futher interviewing. All hypothetically possible CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) roots were tested to discover their existence and to determine their productivity. Special attention was directed to ethnobotanical lexicon and data: over 3,000 specimens were collected and identified both by their Tzotzil and their scientific names. The township and adjoining areas were mapped, and over one thousand place names were located. A system was developed to present considerable ethnographic context for the vocabulary within each root as succinctly as possible. Wherever possible, the etymology of loan words is indicated. Each entry is furnished with grammatical analysis. There are approximately 30,000 Tzotzil entries and 15,000 English entries, including scientific names. The body of the text is preceded by an introduction that records the eliciting techniques, organization of material, assessment and justification of the author's ethnographic approach, together with a sample of Tzotzil oral literature. Explanatory notes provide a more technical description of the contents and organizations of the dictionary as well as observations on Tzotzil grammar. (Author/CLK)
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Botany, Cultural Traits, Dictionaries, Ethnology, Etymology, Grammar, Language Patterns, Language Research, Mayan Languages, Onomastics, Tzotzil, Vocabulary
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($14.40)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Vocabularies/Classifications
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Mexico