ERIC Number: ED126703
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Cloze Procedure: A Technique for Weaning Advanced ESL Students from Excessive Use of the Dictionary. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 2.
This paper deals with the vocabulary problems encountered by advanced ESL students. While beginning and intermediate texts tend to control vocabulary and adapt reading selections to the learner, advanced students are usually forced to confront unabridged texts. Reading is a way to increase vocabulary, but a lack of vocabulary makes the reading task difficult. Continual reliance on a dictionary slows the process down and diverts from the over-all meaning of a given passage. It is suggested that strategies should be developed for guessing the meaning of words from the context. Guessing is a natural process in language behavior which the student probably uses in speaking his own language, and can be used in language instruction by means of the cloze procedure. A text in which words have been systematically deleted is presented, requiring the student to use lexical, syntactic, stylistic or contextual clues to replace them. Such exercises are easy to construct. They also provide variety, encourage the student to take risks, and counteract the tendency to deal with words or sentences in isolation. (CLK)
Descriptors: Advanced Students, Cloze Procedure, Context Clues, Dictionaries, English (Second Language), Language Instruction, Language Skills, Reading Ability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Reading Skills, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Skills
K. Sutherland, 558 7th Ave., Menlo Park, California 94025 ($2.00 per issue)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Note: For related documents, see FL 005 898 and FL 007 767-771