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ERIC Number: ED126676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Innovating Uses of Japanese Honorifics and Polite Forms. Papers in Japanese Linguistics, Vol. 3.
The Japanese system of honorification shows respect either to the subject or to the direct or indirect object of the sentence. The selection of the polite or plain styles of speech determines the level of honorifics. The increase in mass communication and public speaking has led to a search for a reasonably polite but not old-fashioned or pompous style; four types of innovating expressions are discussed here. The use of two types of honorifics, governed by the subject and by the direct or indirect object, are discussed and use of polite forms is outlined. The first of the four types of innovations discussed is the use of honorifics governed by the object in place of those governed by the subject. The second is the deviated use of polite form "mas" in place of honorifics, the third is the doubling of causative forms, and the last is the deviated use of "age" (give something to one's superior or equal) in place of a polite form. Each language form discussed is illustrated with examples in Japanese. (CHK)
Descriptors: Descriptive Linguistics, Japanese, Language Role, Language Styles, Language Usage, Language Variation, Mass Media, Standard Spoken Usage, Verbal Communication
Dr. Masayoshi Shibatani, Department of Linguistics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90007 ($7.00 per issue, make checks payable to Japanese Linguistics Workshop)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Dept. of Linguistics.