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ERIC Number: ED126446
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Congruity of Encoding in Children's Redintegrative Memory.
Hall, Donald M.; Geis, Mary Fulcher
The mnemonic consequences of semantic, acoustic, and orthographic encoding and the relationships between encoding and retrieval cues were investigated in an incidental-learning experiment involving 24 first-, third-, and fifth-grade pupils. Each child was asked one orienting question for each of 18 words; the questions differed in the type of encoding intended and in the congruity between the word and the associated question. The presentation was followed by a 90-second free recall period for the 18 words and then by a retrieval cue for each word. There were three main findings: semantic was superior to nonsemantic encoding in both free and cued recall; a congruous relationship between the target word and the orienting question yielded better free recall for third and fifth graders and better cued recall at all three grades; and congruity between the retrieval cue and the target word was more important as a determinant of a cue's mnemonic value than experimental contiguity. (AA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document