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ERIC Number: ED126441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 131
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Strength and Number of Visual Mediators in Learning Letter-Sound Associations in Reading: A Film Study.
Ackerman, Jerrold
The role of visual imagery in the learning of letter-sound combinations was investigated using such mediating images as two scoops of ice cream for the letter "m." In a preliminary study, high-, medium-, and low-strength mediating images were determined for each letter-sound combination. The 216 kindergarten subjects in the main study were assigned to one of eight treatment conditions differing in the mediators included in the 37-second films used for instruction. Each child was tested, before the experiment, for immediate recall, for 24-hour delayed recall, and for two-week delayed recall of letter-sound correspondences. Results indicated significant learning gains favoring a three-mediator condition over all others tested; two-mediator conditions performed at virtually the same level of facilitation as one-mediator conditions. It seems that both mediator strength and number are important provided that both are sufficiently high, but precise criteria under which both may be expected to facilitate learning are not yet at hand. (Author/AA)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-14,408, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin