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ERIC Number: ED126198
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Research on Crime in the Schools.
McPartland, James M.; McDill, Edward L.
The main themes of some prominent theories of youthful offenders are reviewed, and some of the far reaching reforms implied by these themes are outlined. The main goal is to consider how schools may respond to the problem, and attention is restricted to changes in schools that may help, even though more fundamental reforms in society would have much greater impact. The presentation has three parts: definitions and classifications of the problem of crime in the schools are offered; a brief review of five major theories of the causes of juvenile offenses and implications of those theories for reforms in the larger society are presented; and an analysis of whether schools play a distinct role in the problem and a brief review of evaluations of specific school changes to address the problem are given. Two broad generalizations are highlighted in the conclusion. The first underscores the need for additional serious studies on what schols can do about the violence problem. The best that can be said is that the present knowledge is indirect, dealing mostly with forces deeply embedded in American instit utions and the social structure outside of the school. The second is the belief that schools presently play a direct or unique role in the violence problem, independent of the underlying conditions of employment, family, and juvenile law enforcement institutions. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Change Strategies, Crime, Definitions, Delinquency, Drug Addiction, Educational Environment, Research Needs, Research Problems, School Districts, School Role, School Vandalism, Social Action, Social Change, Social Problems, Theories, Violence, Youth Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A