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ERIC Number: ED126197
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Norms Relating to Environmental Care in Public Places: A Study of Kibbutzim.
Jacobsen, Chanoch; Avi-Itzhak, Tamar
The care or neglect which people bestow on the appearance and cleanliness of the public places in which they live and work is the central focus of this paper. Basically the phenomenon that is studied is that encountered when people who are usually law abiding, orderly, and responsible citizens deviate from the prescribed and insituttionalized norms by littering, trampling, defacing, and otherwise neglecting or damaging the environment in public and semipublic places. Antecedent variables such as community size, density, and heterogeneity as well as residential stability, age distirubiton, and housing types are posited. The general hypothesis implied by this choice of variables is that, with increasing urbanism, more patterned evasion from the relevant prevailing norms will be found. This phenomenon is studied in a sample of 24 kibbutzim, since in these settings values tend to be clearly articulated in the formal and informal normative systems and are more readily observable. The general hypothesis receives some empirical support. However, it is not urbanism as conventionally defined that is related to the patterned evasion, but rather different elements of the urbanism syndrome are associated with different aspects of environmental care. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Technion--Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa.