ERIC Number: ED126135
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
A Procedural Guide For Validating Achievement Gains in Educational Projects. Monograph Series on Evaluation in Education, No. 2.
Horst, Donald P.; Tallmadge, G. Kasten
The orientation of this report is that of identifying educational projects which can be considered clearly exemplary. The largest section consists of a 22-step procedure for validating the effectiveness of educational projects using existing evaluation data. It is not intended as a guide for conducting evaluations but rather for interpreting data assembled by others using a wide variety of experimental and quasi-experimental designs. As such, its coverage is not restricted to "good" designs. It encompasses all of the commonly employed evaluation models, but is not so much concerned with assessing the relative usefulness of various designs as with the deficiencies and hazards inherent in each of them. It also offers suggestions for correcting those results when certain measurement or analysis principles have been violated. Included as appendices are a discussion of the issues surrounding use of criterion-versus norm-referenced tests, description of the logic and mathematical structures of certain regression models, and an overview of the hazards associated with the use of percentiles and grade equivalent scores to describe academic performance. (Author/DEP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Compensatory Education, Control Groups, Criteria, Criterion Referenced Tests, Data Collection, Decision Making, Demonstration Programs, Educational Programs, Grade Equivalent Scores, Guides, Mathematical Models, Measurement Techniques, Models, Norm Referenced Tests, Norms, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Design, Research Problems, Selection, Standardized Tests, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Significance, Validity
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($2.10)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: RMC Research Corp., Mountain View, CA.