ERIC Number: ED126080
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
An Axiomatic Theory of Subject Matter Structure.
Stelzer, John; Kingsley, Edward H.
This report describes the results of preliminary work by the Human Resources Research Organization to develop a comprehensive theory for structuring subject matter. The report focuses on the first three of five components that any comprehensive model of instruction should include: (1) a representation of the subject matter to be taught; (2) a representation of the educational goal; (3) a representation of the initial or starting state of the student entering the system; (4) a representation of the current state of the student; and (5) a representation of the teaching system including teaching strategies. The instructional theory presented is axiomatic in nature--the primary concepts, axioms, definitions, and theorems are presented in order to clearly delineate the assumptions and the starting points of the theory itself. Within the axiomatically based structure, subject content and task components are distinguished. In order to specify tasks, the behavioral objectives of the instruction must be known. These objectives include terminal behavior, the specification of which has been referred to as the beginning of any design of programmed instruction. The notion of dependency between the content and task components is defined and its properties investigated. This relation is shown to be important because it restricts the order in which content components can be introduced during instruction. A comprehensive detailed example serves to illustrate the theoretical concepts, results, and procedures of this model for instruction. It is expected that this work will culminate in a comprehensive axiomatically based structure for individualized instruction. (MM)
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Course Content, Educational Research, Individualized Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematical Models, Matrices, Models
Human Resources Research Organization, 300 North Washington Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314 (No price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.