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ERIC Number: ED126018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Programmatic R&D on Schooling and the Effects of Schooling on Students: Lessons from the First-Year Installation of the SWRL/Ginn Kindergarten Program.
Hanson, Ralph A.; Schutz, Richard E.
The results of this inquiry provide evidence that professional advances in education can be visibly demonstrated through programmatic research and development that produces useful educational products. The first opportunity to test the claim that important instructional outcomes may be reliably attained in a variety of school settings with a wide variety of students through use of a systematically developed educational product was provided by the arrangements under which the Kindergarten Program(KP) was used in 1972-73. KP was an outcome of an R&D program commitment pledged by the Southwest Regional Laboratory in 1965 to provide resources to enable schools to reliably teach youngsters to read, beginning in kindergarten, irrespective of the pupil's previous cultural and educational experience and excepting only those individuals with identified physical organic disabilities. The two-year KP inquiry was termed a "Quality Assurance" study. The measure involved in the inquiry paralleled the instruction that was being conducted, and each measure had a motivation for teachers that was intrinsic to instruction. A pretest was administered to each child at the beginning of the year to assess school-relevant proficiency upon entering kindergarten. Then for each program used in addition to KP--Instructional Concepts Program (ICP) and Beginning Reading Program (BRP)--teachers recorded completion dates and proficiency scores of pupils during instruction. At the end, posttests were administered. The results indicated that with well-developed instructional products (ICP and BRP), alleged biosocial deficiencies of students either prove fictional or readily circumventable. (MM)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Development, Educational Research, Educational Technology, Instructional Programs, Kindergarten, Preschool Education, Program Development, Programed Instructional Materials, Reading Programs
SWRL Educational Research and Development, 4665 Lampson Avenue, Los Alamitos, California 90720 (No price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document