ERIC Number: ED126016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb-16
Reference Count: 0
Within and Beyond the Formative and the Summative: An Evaluation Perspective for Large-Scale Educational R&D.
Follettie, Joseph F.
This paper schematizes large-scale educational research and development (R&D) as a progression of operations and presents a perspective for evaluating those operations and their outputs. Most perspectives thus far presented for evaluation of educational R&D are oriented to small-scale operations and modest products. Prevailing views of formative and summative evaluation, as developed by Scriven, are analyzed in terms of the state of the art for use of social indicators in isolating first-order and higher-order program effects. Implications of the perspective for educational policy, R&D, and the full-service school are presented. Major dimensions of an evaluation perspective are examined along with organizational and individual roles in improving productivity. Some of the chapters characterize the complex educational product and cause-effect progressions pertinent to complex evaluations. It is concluded that independent evaluation seems required for all evaluations conducted for a sponsor. The best interest of a development organization will be served by independent evaluators working under contract. There will not be any other kind of evaluation of higher-order effects until a system of social indicators is developed, evaluated, and appropriately institutionalized. (SK)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.