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ERIC Number: ED126004
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
What Research Tells The Practitioner About The Effects of Exercise On Children.
Byrd, Ronald
A recent survey of physical educators reveals that physical development--especially its more specific parts dealing with physical fitness--is thought to be the least important physical education objectives for grades K-2. Research is available on physical fitness as it relates to (1) incidence of childhood obesity, (2) cardiovascular endurance, (3) differential treatment of the sexes, and (4) participation in contact sports by children. There are strong correlations between weight and activity level and between triceps skinfold thickness and activity. Dieting alone has proved an ineffective approach for the obese, and it results in significant loss of lean body mass in addition to fat. Physical education then should place more emphasis on cardiovascular endurance fitness than on conventional athletic games. Until recently it was felt that the preadolescent was constitutionally unsuited for activities that put a heavy demand on the cardiovascular system, but pediatric exercise physiologists and coaches have discovered an unusually high potential for performance and training in youngsters. Physical educators have been slow to accept this. Boys tend to be stronger than girls when matched for height at any age, but only minor functional differences exist prior to puberty. It is nearly impossible to determine how much of the advantage boys enjoy is a result of social conditioning. Finally, contact sports for children should not be feared but can offer much to their overall development under proper conditions. (DMT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A