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ERIC Number: ED125924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Interaction of School Environment and Student Traits.
Chen, Michael; Fresco, Barbara
This study analyzes the relationship between student achievement and school mobility climate. The hypothesis is that an average individual achievement score tends to drop as the school mobility climate becomes increasingly more selective. A selective climate classifies students by ability or achievement as early as possible through tracking or ability grouping, whereas a contest mobility system thrives on constant student competition for student ranking. The sample population includes 2,762 eighth-grade students, classified by ethnic group membership, in 19 Israeli junior high schools during the 1972-73 school year. Results indicate that after controlling for socioeconomic factors, Asian and African students perform less well than students of European or American extraction in every mobility environment. The achievement for the Asian-African group progressively deteriorates as the school mobility climate becomes more selective. European-American students also perform poorly in selective schools, yet comparatively better than the Asian-African students. The value of competition in each culture is described as a possible cause for these differences. (DE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document