ERIC Number: ED125905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Specific and Non-Specific Behavioral Objectives on Eighth Grade P.S.I. Student Achievement.
Mosley, William E.; Bell, Paul E.
Reported is a study undertaken to examine the influence of objective statement specificity on student learning resulting from the independent laboratory-based Physical Science Investigation Program. The study involved three teachers and 138 eighth-grade Regents students from six intact classes. Each teacher taught one section using specific behavioral objectives and one using nonspecific objectives. In both treatments, objective statements were presented prior to the instruction of the given unit. A nonrandomized control group, preposttest design was used. Pretest scores showed no significant differences between classes. Two-way analyses of variance of the posttest generated F-values that were not significant for the teacher and interaction source of variance. The treatment effects were significant (p<.05). Higher means were obtained by the groups provided with the specific behavior objectives. A post-hoc questionnaire indicated student perception of the use of behavioral objectives as being helpful generally, helpful in achieving higher grades, and helpful in providing guidance through the unit. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (49th, San Francisco, California, April 23-25, 1976)