ERIC Number: ED125861
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Problem-Solving Alternatives Used by Environmental Designers. Final Report.
Murtha, D. Michael; Nadler, Gerald
This study compared the effectiveness of three design strategies using nine architecture graduate students to solve three typical room design problems. Open-ended (5 step), traditional (10 step), and systematic (15 step) strategies were developed based on a national survey of design methodologists. Each strategy was applied by three subjects working independently in three 8-hour test sessions to provide designs for a faculty office, campus snack bar, and departmental conference room. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences existed for problems and for subjects within strategy groups. Some significant strategy effects were found over all three problems (8 measures), on individual problems (16 measures), and in strategy-problem interactions (24 measures). The 5-step strategy required a large amount of time, using large quantities of information minimally applied; the 10-step strategy concentrated on a detailed problem development with a low use of conceptual information; and the 15-step strategy operated more efficiently overall, producing nonsignificantly, but apparently, better solutions. Interaction results suggested that the 5-step strategy reacted similarly to all three problems; the 10-step strategy became more efficient over the three sessions and the 15-step strategy demonstrated sensitivity to problem differences. Implications for design methods and research are discussed. (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison.