ERIC Number: ED125822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Compensatory Education on the Navajo Reservation.
Ramey, Joseph H.; Sileo, Thomas W.
BIA Education Research Bulletin, v3 n1 p24-9 Jan 1975
Since 73% of the Navajo children entering school do not speak English well enough to complete a regular course of study, the academic curricula of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) reservation schools is concerned primarily with acquisition of English as a second language. Programs developed and implemented specifically for Navajo students are the Consultants in Total Education (CITE) and the Navajo Area Language Arts Program (NALAP). Developed under the auspices of Title I of the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA), CITE is highly structured and prescriptive in its attempts to promote English oral and written expression. Presenting grammatical structures based on a sequence suitable to Navajo students, NALAP allows students to internalize English language structures and promotes small group and individualized instruction. Emphasizing developmental programs at the primary levels and remedial programs at the middle and upper levels, the 1973-74 Title I project expenditures totaled more than $7.9 million with language arts/reading receiving 80%, mathematics 3.5%, special education 9.9%, and general academics .1%. During 1973-74, student growth in language arts and math was equivalent to 7 months and 1.1 years respectively. Current Title I data indicate a major trend toward individualizing academic instruction for Navajo students. (JC)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Albuquerque, NM.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I