ERIC Number: ED125809
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
The Condition of Farmworkers and Small Farmers in 1975. A Report to the National Board of the National Sharecroppers Fund and Rural Advancement Fund.
Pierce, James M.
Due to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's definition of a farm as an "economic unit which produces at least $1,000 worth of agricultural products a year", more than 570,000 farms were eliminated from the 1975 agricultural census. In addition, over 12,000 farms went out of business, continuing a trend begun in 1940. Although American food prices increased 40%, the farmer received only 43 cents for every dollar spent at the supermarket. In 1975, American consumers spent an estimated $177 billion on food and an increasing portion of this expenditure went to corporate coffers through vertical integration of the production and marketing process. The essence of these latest government figures is that little has changed over the years in the lives of farmworkers. Most continued to be exempt from federally guaranteed minimum wages; few are covered by unemployment insurance, social security, and workers' compensation. All are specifically excluded from the National Labor Relations Act statutes which protect the collective bargaining rights of most American workers. Farmworkers also suffer from poor education, squalid housing, inadequate diets, and critical health needs. However, organizations such as the National Sharecroppers Fund, land reform groups, and agricultural cooperatives are working on solving these problems. (NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Sharecroppers Fund / Rural Advancement Fund, Washington, DC.
Note: For related document, see ED 111 587