ERIC Number: ED125806
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-May
Reference Count: N/A
Three Models in Search of Appalachian Development: Critique and Synthesis.
Walls, David S.
In an effort to clarify and synthesize recent explanations of underdevelopment and poverty in Central Appalachia, the following three models were explored: (1) the subculture of poverty model (identifies the internal deficiencies of the Southern Appalachian traditional subculture as the source of poverty problems); (2) the regional development model (providing for economic and social overhead capital, training people in skills for new industrial and service jobs, facilitating migration, and promoting private industry via a growth center strategy); (3) the internal colonialism model (identifies the process by which dominant outside industrial interests establish control and continue to prevent autonomous development of the subordinate internal colony). It was concluded that: the three models should be understood as representations of the different dimensions of social existence; the human interest dimensions of mutual understanding, technical control, and emancipation should provide a framework for perceiving cultural adaptation, technical development, and redistribution of power as potentially complimentary aspects of social development; institutions should be analyzed in the context of the competitive, monopolistic, and state sectors of the national economy; class structure should be viewed in its full complexity. (AUTHOR/JC)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Cultural Background, Economic Development, Economically Disadvantaged, Evaluation, Industrialization, Models, Power Structure, Rural Development, Social Class, Social Development, Socioeconomic Status, Subcultures, Synthesis
David S. Walls, College of Social Professions, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A