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ERIC Number: ED125785
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Facilitation of Play Behavior from Associative to Cooperative Play Stages.
Lounsbury, Karen Rasmussen; Bell, Corinne Reed
An experimental investigation of the transition from associative play to cooperative play was conducted to determine if cooperative play in young children could be facilitated by (1) presenting a toy that required cooperative responses to make it operate, and (2) instructing the children in the use of the toy prior to having them play with it. A novel toy designed for this experiment required cooperative behavior to activate a buzzer. Subjects were 48 2- to 5-year-old nursery school children randomly assigned to subject pairs, then to the following three treatment conditions: no training, partial training, and full training in the use of the toy. Each treatment period was followed by a rest period, then a testing period with the criterion apparatus. Children were again tested after two weeks. Results were analyzed using a 2-way analysis of variance with one repeated measure. Only the training variable was significant. A Duncan's Multiple Range Test revealed that the full training group had a significantly higher response rate that the other two treatment groups. These results were discussed in terms of the complexity of the toy for young children and the possible modeling effect of the full training procedure. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A