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ERIC Number: ED125779
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Facial Expression in Preschool Children.
Abramovitch, L. I.; Marvin, R. S.
This study was concerned with age changes in the size of repertoire, rate of display, and complexity of facial expressions in preschool children. Nine children in each of the age groups, 3-3 1/2, 4-4 1/2, and 5-5 1/2 years, were videotaped as they participated in free play (without formal supervision) on their nursery school playground. The samples were viewed in the laboratory and facial behavior was scored by using a modification of Blurton Jones' catalogue, which consisted of 50 categories of facial elements of children. Results indicated that between the ages of 3 and 5 years children showed an increase in the size of repertoire, rate of display, and complexity of facial expressions. Facial expressions were also more predictable in younger than in older children. Children at all ages used only about 25% of the total possible number of combinations of facial elements, though younger children tended to display "neutral" facial expressions more often than older children. In general, the results of the study indicated that the potentially available social information in facial expressions increases with age. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A