ERIC Number: ED125443
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Andean Common Market: An Experiment in Regional Cooperation.
Carlson, Reynold E.
The Grupo Andino (GRAN) was formed in 1969 as an effort at economic integration by six Latin American countries (Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela). It was an outgrowth of its predecessor, the Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA), which had been formed in 1960 with eleven member countries. The Andean Group (GRAN) from the beginning addressed itself to the key factors that had weakened the LAFTA group. Thus (1) it put great stress on strong political support from each of its countries, (2) the sectorial program of industrial development was specifically aimed to increase the industrial capacity of the six member countries while, at the same time, (3) a scheme of automatic tariff reductions with relatively few exceptions was adopted, thereby avoiding the paralyzing effect of bilateral country negotiations on hundreds or thousands of individual items. Its ambitious blueprint includes the development of regional programs in such basic sectors as metalworking, automotive, paper and pulp, fertilizers, and steel. The Andres Bello program is the educational arm of GRAN. Its projects have been a regional network of educational television programs transmitted by satellite and the establishment of a regional school for training in public sector administration. (JT)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of International Education, New York, NY.