ERIC Number: ED125301
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Towards a Redefinition of Psychological Reality: On the Internal Structure of the Lexicon. San Jose Occasional Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 1.
Wilbur, Ronnie B.; Menn, Lise
Evidence for speaker knowledge of morphological patterns, both derivational and inflectional, is not limited to productive patterns. Nonproductive patterns appear to be accessible in such a way that accessibility (a term preferred to "psychological reality") may be viewed as a function of four somewhat interdependent factors: (1) productivity, (2) semantic transparency (e.g., "drunk-drunkard" is nonproductive but transparent), (3) morphological paradigmaticity (membership in a traditional inflectional paradigm), and (4) phonological relatedness. Each of these factors varies along a continuum. Highly accessible but nonproductive patterns may be overgeneralized, e.g., "bring, brang, brung." To incorporate information about pattern accessibility into a formal grammar, it is proposed that the speaker's knowledge of unproductive patterns be captured by the introduction of a sublexical level of morphemic analysis representing the maximal redundancy recognizable to speakers. The lexical level contains all information not predictable from productive rules; a lexical entry is related to a sublexical entry by sublexical "derivational" rules, but this decomposition and derivation is to be interpreted only as word analysis, not as word synthesis. This addition to morphological theory is illustrated with the nonproductively related Spanish words "puerta" and "porton." It is also noted that English speakers have some access to meanings encoded by nonproductive morphological process, both Latinate and English, when they are asked to guess "meaning" of properly made up nonwords in a multiple-choice task. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Jose State Univ., CA.
Note: Paper presented at California Linguistics Association Conference (San Jose State University, Summer 1975)